TERMINOLOGY

 TERMINOLOGY

Counting

 Ichi  1
 Ni  2
 San  3
 Chi / Yon  4
 Go  5
 Roku  6
 Shichi / Nana  7
 Hachi  8
 Ku  9
 Ju  10
 Niju  20
 Sanju  30
 Jonju  40
 Goju  50
 Hyaku  100
 Ikkai  Once
 Nikai  Twice
 Sankai  Three times
 Yonkai  Four times
 Gokai  Five times
 Rokukai  Six times
 Nanakai  Seven times
 Hakkai  Eight times
 Kyukai  Nine times
 Jukai  Ten times
 Hyakuju  One hundred times
 Kyakuman  1 million

Direction

 Gedan  Down (lower level)
 Chudan  Middle (middle level)
 Jodan  Up (upper level)
 Hidari  Left
 Migi  Right
 Mae  Front
 Ushiro  Back / Rear
 Yoko  Side
 Naname  Diagonal
 Shomen  The front

 

 

Bowing

 Kancho ni rei  Bow to the Organization leader
 Shihan ni rei  Bow to the karate master
 Shinzen ni rei  Bow to show respect for the dojo
 Sensei ni rei  Bow to the karate teacher
 Sempai ni rei  Bow to the karate seniors
 Sosai ni rei  Bow to the founder
 Otogai ni rei  Bow to each other
 Arigato gozaimashita  Thank you very much

 

Grades in Kyokushin

 10th Kyu  Orange belt
 9th Kyu  Orange belt with a stripe
 8th Kyu  Blue belt
 7th Kyu  Blue belt with a stripe
 6th Kyu  Yellow belt
 5th Kyu  Yellow belt with a stripe
 4th Kyu  Green belt
 3rd Kyu  Green belt with a stripe
 2nd Kyu  Brown belt
 1st Kyu  Brown belt with a stripe
 Shodan  First degree black belt
 Nidan  Second degree black belt
 Sandan  Third degree black belt
 Yondan  Fourth degree black belt
 Godan  Fifth degree black belt
 Rokudan  Sixth degree black belt
 Nanadan  Seventh degree black belt
 Hachidan  Eighth degree black belt
 Kudan  Ninth degree black belt

 

Principal Hand Weapons

 Haite  Back of hand
 Haito  Inside knife hand
 Hiraken   Bear hand
 Koken  Bent wrist
 Kote  Forearm
 Nukite  Finger tip strike
 Ryuto ken  Dragons head fist
 Seiken  Fore fist
 Shotei  Palm heel
 Tate tsuki  Vertical strike
 Tettsui  Hammer fist
 Toho  Sword peak hand
 Uraken  Back fist strike
 Yubi  Knuckle

 

Fingers

 Oyayubi  Thumb
 Hitsashiyubi  Forefinger
 Nakayubi  Middle finger
 Kusuriyubi  Fourth finger
 Koyubi  Little finger

 

Shuto (Knife Hand) Techniques

 Shuto ganmen uchi  Knife hand strike to temple
 Shuto sakotsu uchi  Descending knife hand strike to collar bone
 Shuto sakotsu uchi komi  Driving knife hand strike to collarbone
 Shuto uchi uchi  Inside knife hand strike
 Shuto hizo uchi  Knife hand strike to spleen

 

Hiji (Elbow) Techniques

 Age hiji ate  Rising elbow strike
 Jodan hiji ate  Elbow strike to head
 Oroshi hiji ate  Descending elbow strike
 Ushiro hiji ate  Elbow strike to rear

 

Seiken (Fore Fist) Techniques

 Age tsuki  Rising strike
 Ago uchi  Strike to the jaw
 Chudan tsuki  Middle level strike
 Gedan tsuki  Lower level strike
 Oi tsuki  Lunge strike
 Gyaku tsuki  Reverse strike
 Jun tsuki  Side lunge strike
 Jodan tsuki  Upper level strike
 Morote tsuki  Double strike (parallel)
 Shita tsuki  Lower strike
 Tate tsuki  Vertical strike
 Yama tsuki  Double strike (vertical)

 

Tettsui (Hammer Fist) Techniques

 Tettsui komi kame  Hammer fist strike to temple
 Tettsui oroshi ganmen uchi  Descending hammer fist strike
 Tettsui hizo uchi  Hammer fist strike to spleen
 Tettsui yoko uchi  Hammer fist strike to the side

 

Uraken (Back Fist) Techniques

 Uraken ganmen uchi  Back fist strike to head
 Uraken hizo uchi  Back fist strike to spleen
 Uraken mawashi uchi  Roundhouse back fist strike
 Uraken oroshi ganmen uchi  Descending back fist strike to head
 Uraken yoko uchi  Back fist strike to side

 

Yubi (Finger Knuckle) Techniques

 Hiraken mawashi uchi  Roundhouse bear hand strike
 Hiraken tsuki  Bear hand knuckle strike
 Naka yubi ippon ken  Middle finger one knuckle strike
 Nihon nukite  Two finger spear hand strike
 Oya yubi ippon ken  Thumb knuckle strike
 Yohon nukite  Four finger spear hand strike

 

Uke (Blocking) Techniques

 Chudan uchi uke  Inside middle level block
 Chudan soto uke  Outside middle level block
 Gedan barai  Lower level block
 Gedan hiza uke  Knee block
 Hiji uke  Elbow block
 Jodan uke  Upper level block
 Morote chudan uchi uke  Double inside middle level block
 Seiken juji uke  Fore fist cross block
 Shuto mawashi uke  Roundhouse knife hand block
 Shuto juji uke  Knife hand cross block
 Shuto kake uke  Knife hand hooking block

 

Principal Leg Weapons

 Geri  Kick
 Chusoku  Ball of the foot
 Haisoku  Instep
 Hiza  Knee
 Kakato  Heel
 Sokuto  Knife foot
 Teisoku  Arch of the foot
 Sune  Shin

 

Geri (Kicks)

 Hiza geri  Knee kick
 Kansetsu geri  Joint kick
 Kin geri  Groin kick
 Mawashi geri  Roundhouse kick
 Mae geri  Front kick
 Mae keage  Front raising kick
 Oroshi geri  Descending kick
 Soto mawashi geri  Outside roundhouse kick
 Tobi mae geri  Jumping front kick
 Tobi mawashi geri  Jumping roundhouse kick
 Tobi ushiro geri  Jumping back kick
 Tobi ushiro mawashi geri  Jumping roundhouse back kick
 Ushiro kakato kin geri  Back heel kick to groin
 Uchi mawashi geri  Inside roundhouse kick
 Ushiro geri  Back kick
 Ushiro mawashi geri  Spinning back kick
 Yoko geri  Side kick
 Yoko keage  Side raising kick

 

Dachi (Stances)

 Fudo (or Yoi) dachi  Stable stance
 Heiko dachi  Feet parallel stance (open)
 Heisoku dachi  Feet together (parallel) stance
 Kake dachi  Hook stance
 Kiba dachi  Straddle stance
 Kokutsu dachi  Back leaning stance
 Moro ashi dachi  One foot forward stance
 Musubi dachi  Meditation stance
 Neko ashi dachi  Cat stance
 Sanchin dachi  Three way battle stance
 Tsuru ashi dachi  Crane stance
 Uchi hachi ji dachi  Figure eight stance
 Zenkutsu dachi  Forward leaning stance

 

Kata

 Taikyoku  First course
 Pinan  Peaceful mind
 Tsuki no  Striking
 Yantsu  Safe three
 Sanchin  Three way battle
 Gekisai  Conquer and occupy
 Saiha  Maximum destruction
 Kanku  Sky gazing
 Tensho  Turning palms
 Seienchin  Suppress the return
 Sushiho  54 steps
 Garyu  Reclining dragon
 Seipai  Eighteen hands

 

Kumite

 Ippon kumite  One step fighting
 Sanbon kumite  Three step fighting
 Yakusoku kumite  Promissory fighting
 Jiyu kumite  Free fighting